Ever Heard of Varicose Veins? Know its Causes, Symptoms and Home remedies
04 January, 2022
There are certain problems that are often ignored by people. One of those problems is varicose veins. The vein of the leg or any other part of the person suffering from this problem suddenly becomes stiff. Apart from this, varicose veins are swollen and twisted veins that can be seen under the skin. Any vein can be a varicose vein but the most affected nerves are in the feet or toes. The main reason for this is the increase in pressure in the lower extremities due to standing or walking.
What are Varicose veins?
Veins serve to carry blood from the tissues to the heart. The veins have to move the blood from the legs to the heart against gravity. There are valves inside these veins to carry blood upwards. This valve allows blood to flow only upwards but when the valves become weak, the blood cannot flow upwards properly and sometimes it starts flowing downwards. In such a condition, the veins swell and due to the increase in length, these veins become crooked which in medical language is called Varicose veins.
Causes of Varicose veins
One of the biggest causes of varicose veins is old age because, with age, the veins of the body start getting stretched. It is not felt till a person is between 40 to 50 years but after this age, we start feeling weak. As a result, the nerves become more fragile due to which the blood flowing towards the heart starts flowing in the opposite direction due to which blood collects in the veins and the veins start swelling. Therefore, at this age, it is very important for a person to be active.
Women are more likely to have it-
Women are more likely to have varicose veins. Hormonal changes during pregnancy or periods increase the risk of varicose veins. Apart from this, hormone replacement therapy and birth control pills can also cause problems like varicose veins.
Excess body weight also puts pressure on the nerves. This increases the risk of getting varicose veins.
Familial disease factors-
If a parent, sibling or any other family member already has varicose veins, the chances of developing this disease in other members also increase significantly.
Standing or sitting in the same posture for a long time-
If a person is standing or sitting in the same posture continuously or for several hours, then the tension in his veins can increase due to which the circulation of blood is not done properly. As a result, a person may face the problem of varicose veins.
Symptoms of Varicose veins
- Veins appear dark purple or blue in color.
- Veins look swollen or twisted like ropes.
- Feeling of heaviness in the legs.
- Swelling in the lower parts of the feet.
- Muscle twitching or spasm.
- Feeling of pain after standing or sitting for a long time.
- Itching around one or more veins.
- Skin wounds do not heal easily.
- Seeing dry or scaly skin.
Ways to Avoid Varicose veins
- Do physical activities daily.
- Make sure to include exercise and yoga in your daily routine.
- Do not sit or stand in the same posture for a long time.
- Do not wear slippers or shoes with high heels.
- While sleeping, keep the feet slightly above the level of the head.
- Pay special attention to reducing obesity.
- Consume salt and sugar in moderation.
- Avoid oily and fatty food.
- Do not consume ice cream.
- Avoid alcohol consumption.
- Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water daily.
- Eat nutritious food-rich food.
- Include green leafy vegetables and fruits in your diet.
Home remedies for Varicose veins
Apple cider vinegar-
Apple cider vinegar is a natural healer for varicose veins. It detoxifies the body due to which the circulation of blood is done properly due to which the heaviness and swelling in varicose veins are reduced to a great extent. For this, apply apple cider vinegar on the affected parts and massage it with light hands. This remedy should be done regularly before going to bed at night and continued the next morning. By doing this for a few days, the size of the varicose veins starts decreasing. Apart from this, drinking a glass of water mixed with two teaspoons of apple cider vinegar gives better results.
Red capsicum is considered very effective for the treatment of varicose veins because capsicum is rich in vitamin C and bioflavonoids due to which it is helpful in increasing blood circulation and reducing the pain of balanced swollen veins. For this, taking a spoonful of red capsicum powder mixed with lukewarm water provides benefits.
Garlic is an excellent herb for reducing inflammation and pain caused by varicose veins. It helps in removing toxins from the blood vessels and improves blood circulation. For this, take 5 to 6 garlic buds and orange juice and keep them in a clean jar. Now mix olive oil in it and keep this mixture for 12 hours. Now take a few drops of this mixture in your hands and massage the swollen veins with light hands. After that, wrap a cotton cloth and leave it overnight. Doing this remedy for a few days gives benefits. Also, include fresh garlic cloves in your diet to get better results.
To treat varicose veins, it is very important to increase blood circulation. In such a situation, massaging with olive oil helps in increasing blood circulation. In addition, swelling and pain are also reduced. For this, mix olive oil in a carrier oil and heat it. Now massage the nerves with this hot oil with light hands. Doing this for 2 to 3 months gives relief from this problem.
Walnut is an effective medicine to strengthen blood vessels. Therefore, it easily reduces the symptoms of varicose veins. It contains astringent, gallic acid and many types of minerals that help in reducing swelling and pain. Dip a cotton or cloth in walnut oil and apply it to the affected areas.
Parsley is a powerful antioxidant, rich in vitamin C. It promotes cell repair and collagen production. Apart from this, an element called rutin present in parsley plays an important role in making cells strong. Therefore, it is helpful in reducing the symptoms of varicose veins. For this, take a handful of fresh parsley in a cup of water and boil it for some time. After cooling down for some time, add a few drops of rose and marigold oil to this mixture and keep it in the fridge for some time. Now apply this mixture to the cotton and apply it to the affected parts. Doing this for a few days gives relief from this problem.
When to go to the doctor?
- When there is unbearable pain in varicose veins.
- If you do not get better with home remedies.
- A sudden increase in pain or swelling, redness and fever of the legs.
- When the wounds on the feet do not heal.