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What are Haemorrhoids? Know its Types, Causes, Symptoms and Home remedies

By Anand Dubey September 28, 2021

What are Haemorrhoids? Know its Types, Causes, Symptoms and Home remedies

Due to the hustle and bustle of life, often all of us are unable to pay attention to our health and food items due to which many diseases start arising in the body. Haemorrhoids are also one of those diseases. Haemorrhoid is a disease that is very painful. In this condition, there is swelling in the lower part of the rectum and inside the anus due to which warts start forming inside the anus or on the initial parts of the rectum. These warts sometimes stay inside, sometimes they come out. Usually, 60 to 70 per cent of the people have to go through the problem of piles at some stage of their age. If it is not treated in time, the pain can increase.

What is Haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids are a type of inflammation, which occurs in the anus and lower part (rectum) inside the kidney and lower rectum there is a network of small blood vessels (veins). Sometimes these veins become more dilated and fill with more blood than normal. Then these nerves and the tissues above cause inflammation called piles. Haemorrhoids are very common in some people and develop heavy bleeding in some people. The most common symptom is bleeding when going to the toilet but larger haemorrhoids can cause mucus leakage, pain, burning and itching when going to the toilet.

Types of Haemorrhoids

There are two types of piles. First internal haemorrhoids and second external piles. Let us know in detail about these types-

Internal Haemorrhoids-

The most common hallmark of internal haemorrhoids is bleeding during bowel movements that is why it is also known as bleeding haemorrhoids. This problem occurs at the beginning of the rectum and inside the anus. In this, there are warts inside the anus. When the tissue (wart) here gets bigger, it can come out, which is called a prolapse. In this, while passing stool, blood drips a little along with the stool or starts coming in the form of the atomizer. Warts go inside on their own after defecation but in severe condition, it does not go inside even after pressing it with hand. Therefore, without ignoring, this type of piles should be treated immediately.

External Hemorrhoids-

This type of piles occurs outside the anus. There is no bleeding in its warts and these warts can be easily seen outside. The affected person feels itching and burning in the affected areas. In common parlance, it is also known as bad piles. It doesn't give much trouble in the initial stage but due to wrong eating habits and constipation, these warts swell. Also, blood clots form in these warts and there is swelling due to which the person has to face unbearable pain. In this type of piles, there is also difficulty in cleaning the affected areas after having a bowel movement.

Symptoms of Haemorrhoids

  • Bleeding from the rectum.
  • Hard and thick stools.
  • Feeling difficulty while passing bowel movements.
  • Excessive straining while passing bowel movements.
  • Unbearable pain while defecating.
  • Itching, redness, burning and swelling around the anus.
  • Mucous discharge during defecation.
  • Sitting in the toilet for a long time.
  • Frequent urge to pass stool but not passing stool during defecation.
  • Formation of one or more hard lumps around the anus.

Causes and Risk factors of Haemorrhoids

Piles are known as Arsha in Ayurveda. It is believed that piles are caused by the contamination of the three doshas - Vata, Pitta and Kapha, hence it is also known as Tridoshaja disease. According to Ayurveda, piles in which Vata or Kapha predominate, it is called dry Arsha. There is no bleeding in this type of piles but it causes more pain. On the contrary, the Arsha in which blood and bile predominate is called Ardra Arsha. Bleeding occurs in this type of piles. Apart from this, there are some other reasons behind the occurrence of piles such as-

  • Genetics and ageing.
  • Sitting for a long time, especially in the toilet.
  • Weakening of the tissues of the anus or rectum.
  • Standing and working for several hours.
  • By not consuming fibre rich food.
  • Not having food at the right time.
  • Consuming too much oil and chilli spices.
  • Lack of physical labour.
  • On excessive consumption of health supplements.
  • When stressed, depressed or anxious.
  • Obesity etc.

In the case of Haemorrhoids, pay attention to the following things-

  • Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet.
  • Eat more fibre-rich foods such as legumes and whole grains.
  • Do not eat fried and junk food.
  • Chew the food and eat it.
  • Do not drink water while eating.
  • Drink about 4 to 5 litres of water daily.
  • Take bath daily and clean the anal area properly.
  • Avoid consumption of tea, coffee, smoking etc.
  • Do not exert too much force while passing the stool.
  • Keep away from the consumption of alcohol.
  • Walk and exercise regularly in the morning.

Home remedies for Haemorrhoids

Aloe vera-

Aloe vera is beneficial for people suffering from piles. It is beneficial for both internal and external piles. For this, apply aloe vera gel on anal warts. It calms both burning and itching. Doing this for a few days cures piles. Apart from this, eat aloe vera pulp regularly every day. By doing this, there is no constipation in the stomach and it becomes easy to pass stools.

Apple cider vinegar-

Apple cider vinegar is another effective treatment for piles. It helps in constricting blood vessels due to its astringent properties. People suffering from internal haemorrhoids should drink a glass of water mixed with a spoonful of apple cider vinegar twice a day. Apart from this, for external haemorrhoids, soak cotton in apple vinegar and keep it on the anus for some time. Doing this gives relief from burning and itching.

Tea tree oil-

The beneficial properties of tea tree oil are very effective for piles. It reduces the symptoms of inflammation. The anti-inflammatory compounds present in this oil reduce inflammation as well as pain. The antioxidants also prove to be effective in curing itching, burning etc. For this, mix a few drops of tea tree oil with a carrier oil and apply it on warts.

Garlic-

Garlic is rich in antibiotic properties which helps in curing the symptoms of piles. Apart from this, a compound called allicin is found in garlic, which exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. All these properties also reduce swelling and pain. For this, boil some raw garlic buds in water and keep them for some time to cool down. Now soak cotton in this water and apply it to the affected areas. By doing this the wart shrinks. Apart from this, peel and crush a few buds of raw garlic and keep it inside the rectum of the person suffering from internal haemorrhoids and leave it overnight. By doing this, there is relief in bleeding piles.

Other Home remedies for piles are-

  • Olive oil has anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces the inflammation in the blood vessels. For this, apply olive oil on the warts of external haemorrhoids.
  • Dip cotton wool in almond oil and apply it on warts, it provides relief from swelling and irritation.
  • Make ashes by burning the hair of the coconut. Now mix this paste with fresh whey and drink it regularly in the morning on an empty stomach. This is beneficial in internal piles.
  • Figs are also a good remedy for piles. For this, soak three figs in a glass of water and consume it on an empty stomach in the morning and drink this water as well. Doing this gives relief in piles.
  • Roast cumin seeds in internal piles and grind them with sugar candy to make a powder. Now take 1-2 grams of this powder with whey 2-3 times a day regularly. This provides benefits in piles.
  • Taking ginger and honey mixed with lemon juice is beneficial in piles.
  • Buttermilk acts as nectar in piles. For this, mix one-fourth of ajwain powder and one teaspoon of black salt in a glass of buttermilk and consume it daily with food in the afternoon. This is the most effective way to get relief from piles.
  • The consumption of bananas is considered good for getting relief in piles. For this, boil a ripe banana and consume it twice a day.
  • Consumption of radish juice also reduces the symptoms of piles
  • Putting warm water in a bathtub and sitting for 10-15 minutes provides relief from the pain and burning sensation in piles.

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