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Nasal Polyps: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Posted 17 June, 2022

Nasal Polyps: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Nasal polyps are soft, fleshy lumps that grow inside your nose and these are non-cancerous protrudes. They can be yellowish, gray or pink in color and can vary widely in size. There may be only one, but sometimes several growths like a little bunch of grapes on a stem.

Nasal polyps can grow anywhere in the membrane of the nose or sinuses. They often spread where the sinuses open into the nasal cavity. Small polyps may not be a problem. Large polyps can block the sinuses or nasal airways leading to further complications and life threatening situations.

Types of Nasal Polyps

There are two types of nasal polyps-

Ethmoidal polyps-Ethmoidal polyps are the most common type which develop from the ethmoidal sinuses and are located between the nose and eyes.

Antrochoanal polyps-Antrochoanal polyps are less common. These develop in the maxillary sinuses, which are above the teeth and under the cheeks and nose.

Symptoms of Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are often soft and painless. You might have them and not even notice until they start growing and blocking your nasal passages. Following symptoms appear as these polyps start growing-

  • Chronic nasal congestion
  • Reduced sense of smell
  • Snoring
  • Sneezing
  • Sleep apnea
  • Severe headache
  • Facial pain
  • Itching around the eyes
  • Postnasal drip

Causes of Nasal Polyps

People who have following conditions are more likely to develop nasal polyps-

  • Chronic Sinus Infections
  • Asthma
  • Allergic Rhinitis
  • Sensitivity to certain medicines like Ibuprofen and Aspirin
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Churg-Strauss Syndrome (a disorder that causes inflammation in the blood vessels)

How to prevent Nasal Polyps?

Reducing the risk of nasal polyps is especially important if you have asthma or allergies. Follow your treatment plan and talk to your doctor if that doesn't help control your symptoms. Anyone can take these simple steps to reduce the risk-

  • Stay away from nasal irritants such as dust, cigarette smoke, and chemical fumes.
  • Wash your hands regularly.
  • Avoid foods or drinks that can irritate your sinuses, such as certain dairy products and alcoholic beverages.
  • Rinse your nasal passages regularly with an over-the-counter saline spray.

Diagnosis for Nasal Polyps

Diagnostic tests include-

Nasal Endoscopy-A narrow tube with a magnifying lens or tiny camera (nasal endoscope) allows your doctor to carefully examine your nostrils and sinuses.

Scanning- A computed tomography (CT) scan can help your doctor determine the size and location of polyps in the deeper areas of the sinuses and assess the extent of swelling and inflammation.

Blood test-Your doctor can test your blood for low levels of vitamin D, which are linked to nasal polyps.

Allergy tests-Your doctor may suggest a skin test to determine if allergies are contributing to chronic inflammation. In a skin prick test, small drops of an allergy causing agents (allergens) are injected into the skin of the forearm or upper back. Your doctor or nurse will then examine your skin for signs of an allergic reaction.

Treatment for Nasal Polyps

Anyone suffering from nasal polyps should consult a doctor and go for treatment with medicines before considering surgery -

  • Steroid nose drops-

Steroid nose drops are the most recommended treatment for nasal polyps.

Nose drops contain steroid medications which reduce inflammation in the nose. Gradually, nasal congestion reduces and the polyps start to shrink. It may take a week or two for the nose drops to make a noticeable difference in your symptoms. You may be recommended to use it for at least 4-6 weeks.

Betamethasone or fluticasone are two steroid nasal drops that are only available by prescription.

  • Steroid tablets-

A course of steroid tablets (prednisolone) for about a week is sometimes prescribed to reduce inflammation in the nose. This often works very well to shrink polyps. This treatment is a short-term solution because long-term use of steroid tablets can have significant side effects. It should be used in combination with topical steroid drops or nasal sprays.

  • Surgery-

Surgery may be recommended if the polyp is large or if steroid nose drops or tablets don't work.

Polypectomy-In polypectomy, polyps are removed surgically. This can be done through the nostrils or under general anesthesia. The type of anesthesia may depend on the number and size of the polyps, where they are located and how suitable you are for surgery.

Endoscopic sinus surgery-This type of surgery is performed under general anesthesia. This may be done if the polyps are very large and numerous or if they severely block your sinuses. Endoscopy allows the surgeon to view the sinuses with a camera and perform operations in places that are difficult to reach with ordinary surgical instruments.

Home Remedies to treat Nose Polyps

Capsaicin-

Capsaicin is a compound found in chili peppers. Cayenne pepper contains high concentrations of capsaicin. These compounds are known to reduce pain and discomfort. It helps clear the sinuses and when used in the nasal cavity, it helps reduce the size of nasal polyps.

For this-Use nasal sprays containing capsaicin are commercially available that can help relieve the symptoms of nasal polyps.

Turmeric-

Turmeric has strong anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties (the ability to stop or slow down the growth of pathogenic microorganisms).

It helps to treat symptoms of nasal polyps that cause discomfort such as itching and nasal congestion.

For this-Take a spoonful of turmeric powder, mix it in a glass of warm milk and drink it once or twice a day.

Saline nasal irrigation-

Rinsing your sinuses with sterile saline solution helps relieve symptoms of nasal polyps.

You can use the neti pot, specially designed nasal irrigation pot, to flush your nasal cavities and sinuses. It helps clean the dust and other irritants from the nasal cavity.

For this- Use warm water to fill your neti pot and mix 1 to 2 teaspoons of salt in it. Tilt your head and inhale the solution through one nostril and exhale from the other, repeating the same thing from the other side. You can blow your nostrils afterwards to get the solution out.

Tea tree oil-

Tea tree oil has anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce inflammation and swelling of the sinuses.

It is easily available in the market. This oil can cause allergies in some, so make sure you do a patch test before applying it to the nostrils.

Steam inhalation-

Inhaling steam can help reduce swelling in the airways and also helps in thinning the mucus.

For this-You can boil water in a bowl and gently place your face on it. Cover your head with a towel to take steam properly.

When to see a doctor?

Consult your doctor if the symptoms of nasal polyps last more than 10 days.

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Why do Gums bleed? Know its Causes, Symptoms and Home remedies

Posted 04 January, 2022

Why do Gums bleed? Know its Causes, Symptoms and Home remedies

Bleeding gums are the most common signs of gum disease which also indicates many other health problems. Sometimes bleeding gums can also be caused by sharp brushing or wearing dentures that don't fit properly. Apart from this, frequent bleeding gums can also be due to many serious underlying conditions which include periodontitis: an advanced form of gum disease, vitamin deficiency, platelet deficiency, hormonal changes during pregnancy, etc. However, a little bleeding in the gums is not a big deal but if a person's gums are bleeding continuously or excessively, then it should not be ignored at all.

 

Symptoms of Bleeding gums

  • Swelling of gums
  • Pain in the mouth and gums
  • Dark red or reddish-purple gums
  • Pain in the gums only on touching
  • Gapping between gums and teeth
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Loss of teeth etc.

Causes of Bleeding gums

Vitamin C deficiency-

 

When a person's diet does not include enough fruits and vegetables, then there is a deficiency of Vitamin-C in his body. These cause pain and swelling in the gums due to which the gums start bleeding.

 

Liver diseases-

 

Any type of liver disease and disease caused by alcohol obstructs the functions of the liver which leads to gum bleeding.

 

Cancer-

 

Some types of cancer such as leukemia or bone marrow cancer can also cause bleeding gums.

 

Vitamin K deficiency-

 

Vitamin K is an important element for the clotting process in the body. Therefore,  due to deficiency of Vitamin K in the body, there is an increased tendency of bleeding in any part of the body including the gums.

 

Hormonal changes in women-

 

This usually happens during pregnancy. It starts in the second or third month of pregnancy and lasts till the eighth month. Due to this there is pain, swelling and bleeding of gums. Some birth control products taken by mouth can also cause bleeding gums.

 

Poor oral hygiene-

 

When the gums are swollen, they bleed and this is what happens when people are unable to keep their teeth clean. This causes problems in the gums and they become red. As a result, swelling and pain occur due to which the gums start bleeding.

 

Crooked teeth-

 

It is very difficult to clean crooked teeth because food gets stuck between them. This causes the gums to swell and bleed.

 

Gum injury-

 

It occurs by brushing with more pressure, using a brush with more rigid hair or by rubbing the gums more vigorously than with a datun (datun of neem etc.) which leads to gum injury.

 

Medicines-

 

Certain medicines, including those given for heart attack and stroke (aspirin), epilepsy, cancer and chemotherapy can cause bleeding gums.

 

Measures to prevent Bleeding gums

  • Regularly get your gums tested by a dentist
  • Change the toothbrush in every 3 months
  • Take a balanced diet
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Be aware of overly hot or cold foods and beverages
  • Do not consume tobacco products

Home remedies for Bleeding gums

Coconut oil-

 

Coconut oil has anti-inflammatory properties which relieves the problem of swelling and bleeding of gums. The anti-microbial properties present in this oil keep the teeth clean. To use it, keep swirling coconut oil in your mouth for 10 to 15 minutes. Do this atleast once a day.

 

Clove oil-

 

Clove oil is rich in anti-bacterial properties which prove to be extremely beneficial for bleeding gums. For this, take a few drops of clove oil and heat it a little. Apply this warm clove oil on the gums twice a day. Leave it on the gums for about 5-10 minutes and then wash it off with lukewarm water.

 

Salt water-

 

Regular use of salt water is one of the effective home remedies for bleeding gums because it has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties which are useful in reducing inflammation and infection in the gums. For use, mix a little amount of salt with some warm water and rinse the mouth with it. Do this about 2-3 times a day for better results.

 

Vitamin-

 

One of the reasons for bleeding gums is the lack of vitamins in the body. Therefore it can be prevented by consuming the right dosage of vitamins. For this, consume food which is rich in vitamin C and vitamin-K. Consumption of lemon, gooseberry, orange, carrot can be beneficial.

 

Honey-

 

Honey possesses antibacterial properties to fight bacterial infections like swollen and bleeding gums. It also has anti-inflammatory properties that reduce gum inflammation. Therefore, take a little honey and then massage the gums lightly. Do this at least twice a day.

 

When to go to the doctor?

One should see a doctor in the following cases-

 
  • In case of prolonged and severe bleeding gums.
  • If bleeding doesn’t stop even after treatment.
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Causes, Symptoms and Home remedies for Runny Nose

Posted 17 March, 2022

Causes, Symptoms and Home remedies for Runny Nose

Sudden change in weather leads to many problems which include colds, flu, runny nose, etc. Runny nose is a common problem, but people face a lot of problems due to this. People suffering from this problem face an increase in the amount of mucus in the sinus i.e, airways. The main reason for which is the entry of cold or flu viruses, bacteria or allergy-causing substances into the body.

 

The problem of runny nose is medically known as Rhinorrhea or Rhinitis. This is a problem in which mucus (fluid) starts coming out of the nose. This fluid can be both thin or thick. Sometimes this mucus goes inside the throat, then it causes sore throat, pain, burning and cough. Generally, the problem of a runny nose automatically gets cured in two to three days. Apart from this, it can be cured with the help of some home remedies but frequent runny nose indicates internal problems of the body. Therefore, without ignoring it, one should immediately contact the doctor.

 

Symptoms of Runny nose

Along with runny nose, some other symptoms also appear, which are as follows:

 
  • Fever
  • To get cold
  • Yellowish or foul-smelling mucus discharge from the nose
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Swelling under the eyes or around the cheeks
  • Tonsils
  • Sore throat or pain

Causes of Runny nose

Following are some common causes of runny nose:

 

Cold or flu-

A runny nose caused by a cold or flu is a common symptom. This results in a thin and clear flow but in some circumstances, instead of coming out through the nose, the mucus starts going into the throat. This mucus is thick.

 

Allergies-

Due to allergies, a person also starts having a runny nose. This happens through contact with domestic animals or animals through which harmful bacteria enter the body due to which the person feels allergic, leading to a runny nose.

 

Sinusitis-

Sinus tissue i.e., mucous membrane begins to swell. This condition is called sinusitis. This inflammation is caused by an infection. This causes the nasal airways to narrow due to which it becomes difficult to breathe and mucus starts to form. Usually the mucus produced due to sinusitis is thick in which yellow and green spots are also visible.

 

Other possible causes of runny nose are-

  • Virus, fungus and bacterial infection
  • Having a polluted environment
  • Exposure to chemical fumes and dust
  • Enlargement of the nasal bone
  • Headache
  • Side effects of medicines
  • Cold weather or sudden changes in temperature
  • Dry air
  • Hormonal changes in the body
  • Injury to the nose
  • Tobacco, smoking, alcohol and drug use
  • Consuming more spicy food
  • Tumor (cancer) in the airways
  • Suffering from asthma, bronchitis

Prevention of Runny nose

  • Wash hands thoroughly before eating
  • Wash hands thoroughly after sneezing, coughing or blowing your nose
  • Use a tissue paper or handkerchief when blowing your nose
  • Avoid going into an infected and polluted environment
  • Include vitamin-C rich foods in your diet
  • Drink lukewarm water
  • Drink or gargle with warm water containing salt

Home remedies for Runny nose

Peppermint essential oil-

Using peppermint essential oil as aromatherapy is beneficial for a runny nose as menthol is found in it, which helps in improving breathing ability and destroying bacteria. For this, put 2 to 3 drops of peppermint essential oil in a diffuser and smell its fragrance. By doing this the mucus becomes thinner and it is easier to remove it from the body. It also provides relief from inflammation caused by sinus. Apart from this, taking a few drops of it in your hands and massaging the nose and head with light hands is also beneficial.

 

Take facial steam-

Taking facial steam is an effective remedy for a runny nose. For this, put a teaspoon of salt in hot water. Now cover your head with a towel and inhale the steam. Doing this 3 to 4 times a day gets rid of the problem of a runny nose.

 

Tea and herbal tea-

Tea or herbal tea containing honey is one of the good home remedies for the prevention of a runny nose because it helps in reducing the symptoms of allergies and sinus. Therefore, this tea proves to be effective in case of a runny nose.

 

Tea tree oil-

Tea tree oil has antiseptic, anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties which removes the problem of runny nose and headache due to allergies. For this, put 4 to 5 drops of tea tree oil in hot water and take steam. Doing this two to three times a day gives relief.

 

Red chilli-

Cayenne pepper exhibits antihistamine properties which help to remove mucus from the body and reduce the symptoms of allergies due to which the toxins are easily removed from the body. By doing this, the blood circulation in the body increases which provides warmth to the body and the problem of a runny nose goes away. Therefore, to get rid of it, use red chili in your food.

 

Garlic-

Garlic has antibacterial properties which help to relieve the symptoms of runny nose. For this, keeping 2 to 3 buds of garlic between your teeth and sucking its juice is beneficial. Apart from this, grind 4 to 5 cloves of garlic and put it in hot water and make soup. Drink this soup when it is lukewarm. This gives relief from the problem of a runny nose.

 

Nilgiri oil-

The antiviral and anti-microbial properties present in eucalyptus oil cure the symptoms of cold. To get rid of it, smell a few drops of eucalyptus oil in a handkerchief. By doing this, cold and runny nose is relieved.

 

Honey and lemon are beneficial-

Consumption of honey and lemon acts as a medicine for the problem of allergies and runny nose because the antimicrobial properties present in honey and vitamin C present in lemon are helpful in destroying germs. Along with this, the mucus is easily removed from the body. Apart from this, honey also removes swelling of the nasal canal. For this, drink honey and lemon juice mixed with lukewarm water.

 

Turmeric and Ajwain-

Turmeric and Ajwain are effective in the problem of runny nose. For this, cook ten grams of turmeric and carom seeds in a cup of water. When the water reduces to half, add some jaggery to it and consume it.

 

Fenugreek seeds-

Fenugreek seeds are also effective in treating runny nose. For this, boil fenugreek seeds in water. After that filter that mixture and drink it like tea two to three times a day. Doing this regularly gets rid of this problem.

 

Black pepper-

Consuming the powder of black pepper with honey provides relief in cold and flu.. Apart from this, drinking half teaspoon black pepper powder and one teaspoon sugar candy mixed in a glass of warm milk is beneficial.

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Snoring- Causes, Symptoms and Home remedies

Posted 17 March, 2022

Snoring- Causes, Symptoms and Home remedies

Snoring while sleeping is a common problem that is accompanied by loud noises and vibrations with breath while sleeping. This is a sleep-related problem. The sound of snoring can come from either the nose or the mouth. This sound starts and stops at any time after sleeping. Snoring, in reality, is a kind of sound that is produced when a person is unable to breathe freely through his nose and throat during sleep. When the flow of air causes vibrations in the tissues located in the skin of the throat, the snoring starts which is why people who often snore a lot are believed to have a lot of vibration in the tissues of their throat and nose. Snoring can lead to many other problems that include shortness of breath during sleep, excessive sleepiness during the day, difficulty concentrating, morning headache, sore throat upon waking, restlessness in sleep, gasping at night, and increased blood pressure.
 
Symptoms of Snoring
Breathe in and out with a loud sound.
At times, breathing stops for a few seconds.
Gradual increase in the rate and time of breathing.
Waking up in confusion when there is no breath while falling asleep.
Being lethargic and laziness throughout the day.
Feeling sleepy throughout the day even after getting enough sleep.
Feeling tired
Reasons for snoring
There are many reasons for snoring, the main reasons are as follows:-
 
Obesity
Snoring also occurs due to weight gain. When a person's weight increases, more meat hangs on his neck. While lying down, due to this flesh, the windpipe gets clogged, and breathing becomes difficult.
 
Excessive alcohol consumption
Like many pain-relieving drugs, alcohol also reduces the tension in the muscles of the body. Sometimes the muscles of the throat get stretched due to the consumption of too much alcohol which can cause snoring.
 
Sinus
One reason for snoring is sinusitis. The nasal passages get clogged due to the enlargement of the sinus. Not only this but increasing the sound of snoring also affects the nasal passages. In such a situation, the patient with sinus needs to take special precautions.
 
Winter
If you have a blocked nose for a long time, see a doctor because sleeping pills, anti-allergic medicines also make the muscles of the respiratory tract sluggish which results in snoring.
 
Other causes of snoring
The shortening of the lower jaw is also the reason for snoring. When a person's jaw is smaller than normal, his tongue turns backwards when he lies down which blocks the windpipe. In such a situation, pressure has to be applied to inhale and exhale. This causes vibration and snoring.
Snoring occurs even if there is Vata and Kapha dosha.
This disease is also genetic which passes from one person to another.
Nasal airway obstruction: Nasal deformities such as a curvature of the septum (the wall that divides the nasal passages) or small particles inside the nose can also cause airway obstruction. Apart from this, some people start snoring in the winters.
Even if the person's neck is too short, the sound comes with the breath while sleeping.
Problems caused by snoring
Daytime sleepiness.
Not being able to concentrate on anything.
Fall asleep anytime.
Suffering from high blood pressure.
Having heart disease.
Increased risk of heart stroke.
Home remedies to stop snoring
Peppermint Oil
Peppermint oil is a beneficial remedy to stop snoring. Take two to three drops of this oil in the palm daily and inhale it. Apart from this, taking a few drops of this oil in hot water and taking steam also opens the blocked nose due to which the problem of snoring is reduced.
 
Vitamin C rich food
Snoring is also possible due to low immunity. In this case, eat fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C.
 
Fenugreek Powder
Fenugreek has antioxidant and antiviral properties which are helpful in curing snoring. It is believed that snoring also occurs due to not having a strong digestive system. In such a situation, drinking half a teaspoon of fenugreek powder with lukewarm water before sleeping at night provides relief from snoring.
 
Cardamom powder
Cardamom, which is rich in Ayurvedic properties, has also been considered right in the treatment of snoring. According to Ayurveda experts, cardamom powder with lukewarm water should be consumed before sleeping. This stops the snoring sound.
 
Turmeric
Turmeric has antiseptic and antibiotic properties which clear the nostrils and makes breathing easier. For this, drink turmeric cooked in milk every night before sleeping.
 
Steam
Every night, heat water in a bowl and add tea tree oil to it. After this, try to inhale the steam by taking deep breaths for 10 minutes. This removes nasal congestion and makes breathing easier.
 
How can snoring be stopped?
Maintain a sleeping schedule.
Before going to bed, clean your nose thoroughly.
Take the right measures to prevent a runny nose.
Avoid alcohol before sleeping.
Do not eat food before going to bed, eat it one or two hours before.
Sleep on a pillow with your head elevated for about 4 inches.
When to go to the doctor?
When you are suffering from the following problems due to snoring, you should see a doctor-
 
When you are sad.
When there is irritable behaviour.
Lack of concentration.
When there is lethargy even during the day.
When breathing stops during sleep.
If the problem of snoring increases.
When you feel tired after waking up in the morning.
Headache when you wake up in the morning.
When you are short of breath while sleeping or you are drenched with sweat after waking up.
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Symptoms, Causes and Prevention of Nose Bleeding

Posted 20 December, 2021

Symptoms, Causes and Prevention of Nose Bleeding

The problem of bleeding from the nose is called Nose Bleeding. This problem is usually not a major problem but sometimes can also be a sign of a serious illness. The problem of bleeding from the nose is due to many reasons like- respiratory problems, allergies, colds and not cleaning the nose carefully.

 

Why does the Nose Bleed?

There are many types of blood vessels in the nose. These blood vessels are very soft and covered with thin membranes which sometimes also breaks the nose while cleaning. Due to this, blood starts coming from the nose. This problem is mostly seen in children between 3 and 10 years old.

 

Types of Nose Bleeding

There are two types of nose bleeding which are classified based on the place of bleeding-

 

Anterior-

 

This is the most common type of nose bleeding in which the nose bleeds from the front part. During this time blood vessels inside the nose rupture due to which blood comes out from the nose. These blood vessels are known as Kiesselbach’s plexus.

 

Posterior-

 

In this, blood comes out from the back of the nose. This is the bleeding caused by the disease. This affects the inner nostrils of the nose and the nerves connecting with the brain. This problem is mostly seen in the elderly. This causes severe bleeding from the nose.

 

Symptoms of Nose Bleeding

  • Bleeding from one or both nostrils (nose hole).
  • Experience of fluid flow from the back of the throat.
  • Feeling like repeated swallowing.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Irregular heartbeat.

Causes of Nose Bleeding

There are two common causes of bleeding from the nose which are as follows-

 

Dry air-

 

Dry air is the main cause of nose bleeding. Due to the excess heat, blood vessels get dilated because of which the nasal membranes become dry due to hot air, they become very susceptible to blood flow and infection.

 

Nose Picking-

 

Repeated nose picking, and putting things like pen, pencil, etc. in the nose is the main reason of nose bleeding in children. Due to this, the delicate blood vessels of the nose get hurt and the bleeding starts. Apart from this, persistent nose bleeding in children can also be a sign of haemophilia.

 

Reasons for Nose bleeding

  • Drying and cracking of the skin inside the nose in hot air or dry climate.
  • Nasal irritation due to problems like cold, sneeze and sinus.
  • Nose allergy or frequent runny nose.
  • Having high blood pressure.
  • Cleaning the nose with strength.
  • Nose of an insect or object.
  • Nose injuries.
  • Sinus or pituitary tumour surgery.
  • Divine septum disease.
  • Vitamin-K deficiency.
  • Consumption of blood thinners such as warfarin and heparin.
  • Excessive use of nasal sprays.
  • Oxygen treatment with Nasal Cannulas.

Rare Causes of Nose bleeding

  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Consumption of cocaine or opium.
  • Liver disease.
  • Increased nasal flesh.
  • Blood Cancer.
  • Tumor in the nose.

Prevention of Nose Bleeding

  • If itching in the nose, do not put a sharp pencil like a pencil in the nose.
  • Keep hand nails short.
  • Do not use nasal spray too much.
  • Do wear protective items during the game. Which can protect the nose, ears and head.
  • Avoid smoking. This may cause dryness in the skin of the nose.
  • To reduce the dryness of the nose, stay hydrated and consume sufficient amount of fluid.
  • Stay away from heat when bleeding from the nose. Reduction in dry heat can reduce the risk of hemorrhage.
  • For any other reason like liver disease, chronic sinus, consult the doctor if bleeding from the nose.

Home remedies for Nose Bleeding

  • After bleeding from the nose, sit at one place for some time.
  • Now bend yourself slightly towards the front. So that the blood does not go to the throat.
  • Now try placing a cool and wet cloth on your nose. So that blood flow can stop due to contraction in the blood vessels.
  • If blood comes out from one nostril, press and hold the upper part of the nostril for at least 10 minutes. By doing this the blood will stop.
  • In addition, onion juice should be used to stop nose bleeding.
  • Smelling of onion also stops nose blood.
  • Blood is stopped by pouring basil juice at the place where it comes out.
  • The problem of nose bleeding is relieved by heating one or two drops in the nostrils after heating the cow's native ghee and cooling it.
  • The problem of nose bleeding is also cured by lukewarm mustard oil in the nose.
  • Applying 2-3 drops of lavender oil in cotton on the affected area stops nose blood.

When to go to the Doctor?

  • In case of frequent nose bleeding problems.
  • In case of vomiting of blood with nose bleeding.
  • Dizziness or nose bleeding with nose bleeding.
  • Bleeding from the nose after taking any medicine.
  • Rapid nose bleeding.
  • On nose bleed after chemotherapy.
  • Unable to prevent nose bleeding problem.
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नकसीर के लक्षण, कारण और बचाव

Posted 24 May, 2022

नकसीर के लक्षण, कारण और बचाव

नाक से खून बहने की समस्या को नकसीर (Nose Bleeding) कहा जाता है। यह समस्या आमतौर पर कोई बड़ी समस्या नहीं है। लेकिन कभी-कभी यह समस्या किसी गंभीर बीमारी का संकेत भी हो सकती है। नाक से खून बहने की यह समस्या कई कारणों से होती है जैसे- सांस संबंधी समस्या, एलर्जी, सर्दी लगना और सावधानी से नाक की सफाई न करना आदि। 

 

क्यों आता है नाक से खून?

नाक में कई प्रकार की रक्‍त वाहिकाएं होती हैं। यह रक्त वाहिकाएं बहुत मुलायम और पतली झिल्ली से ढंकी होती हैं। जोकि कई बार नाक की सफाई करते वक्त फट भी जाती हैं। कारणवश नाक से खून आने लगता है। यह समस्या ज्यादातर 3 से 10 साल के बच्चों में देखने को मिलती है। 

 

नाक से खून आने के प्रकार;

नाक से खून बहने की समस्या दो प्रकार की होती है। जिसे खून बहने की जगह के आधार पर वर्गीकृत किया जाता है। 

 

एंटीरियर (Anterior)-

 

यह नाक से खून बहने का सबसे सामान्य प्रकार है। इसमें नाक के अगले हिस्से से खून बहता है। इस दौरान नाक के अंदर की रक्त वाहिनियां (Blood Vessels) फट जाती हैं। जिसके कारण नाक से खून निकलता है। इन रक्त वाहिनियां को किसेलबाक प्लेक्सस (Kiesselbach plexus) के नाम से जाना जाता है। 

 

पोस्टीरियर (Posterior)-

 

इसमें नाक के पिछले भाग से खून निकलता है। यह समस्या अधिकतर बुजुर्गो में देखने को मिलती है। यह बीमारी की वजह से होने वाली ब्लीडिंग होती है। इससे नाक की भीतरी और दिमाग से जुड़ने वाली नसें प्रभावित होती हैं। इस वजह से नाक से तेज खून बहता है। 

 

नकसीर के लक्षण;

  • एक या दोनों नथुनों (नाक के सुराख) से खून का आना।
  • गले के पिछले हिस्से में तरल पदार्थ बहने का अनुभव होना।
  • बार-बार निगलने जैसा महसूस होना।
  • सांस लेने में दिक्कतें होना। 
  • दिल का अनियमित धड़कना। 

नकसीर के कारण;

नाक से खून आने के दो सामान्य कारण होते हैं। जोकि निम्नलिखित हैं;

 

शुष्क हवा-

 

शुष्क हवा नकसीर का प्रमुख कारण है। अधिक गर्मी के कारण खून की नालियां (रक्‍त वाहिकाएं) फैल जाती हैं। क्योंकि गर्म हवा से नाक की झिल्‍ली शुष्क होकर खून के बहाव और संक्रमण के प्रति अति संवेदनशील हो जाती हैं। 

 

नाक में उंगली करना-

 

नाक में बार-बार उंगली करना, पेन, पेंसिल आदि चीजों से खुजली करना बच्‍चों में नाक से खून आने का सबसे प्रमुख कारण है। क्योंकि ऐसा करने से नात की नाजुक रक्त वाहिकाओं में चोट लग जाती है और रक्त स्राव होने लगता है। इसके अतिरिक्त बच्‍चों में लगातार नकसीर की समस्‍या का होना हीमोफीलिया का संकेत भी हो सकता है। 

 

नाक से खून आने के कारण;

  • गर्म हवा या शुष्क जलवायु में नाक के अंदर की त्वचा का सूखना और फटना।  
  • सर्दी, छींक और साइनस (Sinus) जैसी समस्या के वजह से नाक में होने वाली जलन।    
  • नाक में एलर्जी होना या बार बार नाक बहना। 
  • उच्च रक्तचाप होना। 
  • ताकत के साथ नाक की सफाई करना।
  • किसी कीड़े या वस्तु का नाक में चले जाना।
  • नाक में चोट लगना। 
  • साइनस या पिट्यूटरी ट्यूमर सर्जरी। 
  • डिविएट सेप्टम बीमारी का होना।। 
  • विटामिन-के की कमी होना। 
  • खून को पतला करने वाली दवाएं जैसे वार्फरिन (Warfarin) और हिपेरिन(Heparin) का सेवन करना। 
  • नाक के लिए दवा की तरह इस्तेमाल होने वाले स्प्रे का अधिक प्रयोग करना। 
  • नेसल कन्नुला (Nasal Cannulas) से ऑक्सीजन ट्रीटमेंट करना। 

नाक से खून आने के दुर्लभ कारण;

 
  • शराब का अत्यधिक सेवन करना। 
  • कोकीन या अफीम का सेवन का करना।
  • जिगर (liver) की बीमारी होना।। 
  • नाक का मांस बढ़ना। 
  • ब्लड कैंसर। 
  • नाक में ट्यूमर होना। 

नकसीर के बचाव;

  • नाक में खुजली होने पर पेन, पेंसिल जैसी कोई नुकीली नाक में न डालें. 
  • हाथ के नाखूनों को छोटा रखें।
  • नेजल स्प्रे का ज्यादा प्रयोग न करें। 
  • खेल के दौरान सुरक्षात्मक वस्तुओं को जरूर पहनें। जिससे नाक, कान और सिर का बचाव हो सके। 
  • धूम्रपान से बचें। इससे नाक की त्वचा में रूखापन हो सकता है। 
  • नाक के सूखेपन को कम करने के लिए हाइड्रेटेड रहने और पर्याप्‍त मात्रा में तरल पदार्थ का सेवन करें। 
  • नाक से खून आने पर गर्मी से दूर रहें। ड्राई हीट कम होने से नकसीर की आशंका को कम किया जा सकता है। 
  • किसी अन्य वजह जैसे लीवर रोग, पुरानी साइनस होने के कारण नाक से खून आने पर चिकित्सक से सलाह ले। 

नकसीर के प्राथमिक और घरेलू उपचार;

  • नाक से खून आने पर कुछ समय के लिए एक स्थान पर रुक कर बैठ जाएं। 
  • अब खुद को सामने की तरफ थोड़ा झुकाएं। ताकि खून गले में न जाए। 
  • अब नाक पर ठंडा और गीला कपड़ा रखकर देखें। ताकि रक्त नालिकाओं में संकुचन होकर खून का बहना रुक सके। 
  • यदि एक नथुने से खून निकले तो नथुने के ऊपरी भाग को कम से कम 10 मिनट तक दबाकर रखें। ऐसा करने से खून बंद हो जायेगा। 
  • इसके अलावा नाक के खून को बंद करने के लिए प्याज के रस का इस्तेमाल करें। 
  • प्याज को सूंघने से भी नाक का खून बंद हो जाता है।
  • तुलसी के रस को खून निकलने वाली जगह पर डालने से खून बंद होता है। 
  • नकसीर की समस्या में गाय के देशी घी को गर्म करके ठंडा होने पर नथुनों में एक या दो बूंद डालने से राहत मिलती है। 
  • सरसों के तेल को गुनगुना करके नाक में डालने से भी नकसीर की समस्या ठीक होती है। 
  • लैवेंडर के तेल की 2-3 बूंद को रुई में भिगोंकर प्रभावित जगह पर लगाने से नाक का खून बंद हो जाता है। 

कब जाएं डॉक्टर के पास? 

  • बार-बार नकसीर की समस्या होने पर।
  • नकसीर के साथ खून की उल्टी होने पर।
  • नकसीर के साथ चक्कर आने या सर घूमने पर। 
  • किसी दवा के सेवन करने के बाद नाक से खून आने प।र 
  • तेज गति से नाक से खून आने पर। 
  • कीमोथेरेपी के बाद नाक से खून पर। 
  • नकसीर की समस्या को रोकने में असमर्थ होने पर।
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