Posted 19 September, 2023
Ebola virus is a disease that was first identified in 1976 in a village near the Ebola River. For this reason, this virus has also been named Ebola, a tributary of the Kago. It has taken the form of a serious disease at present. In this disease, blood starts coming out of the veins in the body, which causes internal bleeding.
It is a very fatal disease. In this, 90% of the patients die. Ebola is a disease that spreads through contact with an infected person’s sweat, blood, or breathing. It is accompanied by typhoid, cholera, hair loss, and bleeding from the nerves or muscles. The only way to avoid this is to keep yourself alert.
Causes of spread of Ebola virus
It is an infectious disease that spreads mainly through sweat and saliva, but apart from this, there are many other reasons for its spread. It also spreads through direct contact with infected blood and feces. In addition, sexual intercourse and improper handling of a dead body infected with Ebola can also cause this disease. Obviously, preventing the spread of infectious diseases is also an important step towards its prevention.
Symptoms of Ebola virus
It often takes up to three weeks for symptoms to appear. In this disease, the skin of the patient starts rotting. The initial symptoms include sudden fever, weakness, muscle pain, and a sore throat.
The next stage is vomiting, diarrhea, and, in some cases, internal and external bleeding. Considering the severity of this disease, if you notice these symptoms, you should immediately contact a doctor or specialist.
Safety precautions and measures to prevent Ebola
1. Avoid contact with the patient-
Relatives and health workers caring for a person infected with the Ebola virus are at a higher risk of infection. Every person who comes into contact with a person who has been exposed to this disease puts themselves at risk of infection.
2. Keep changing clothes-
People who treat Ebola viruses should wear a PPE kit when coming into contact with a person infected with Ebola virus. During this, gloves, masks, goggles, rubber boots, and clothes covering the whole body should be worn, but very few people have such a kit. Those wearing such a kit should keep changing it every 40 minutes. It takes five minutes to put on this rescue kit and about 15 minutes to take it off again with the help of a colleague. This is the most dangerous time to be vulnerable to this virus, and during this time, chlorine should be sprayed.
3. Cover your eyes-
If Ebola infected material comes into contact with your skin, it can be quickly washed off with soap and water or by using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. But the case of the eyes is quite different. Even a drop of the infected substance falling into the eyes during the spray can become the cause of infection of this virus. In the same way, the mouth and the inner part of the nose are very sensitive to infection, which should be protected.
4. Attention to cleanliness-
The most deadly symptom of Ebola is bleeding. The infected person bleeds from the eyes, ears, nose, mouth, and rectum. Blood may also be present in the patient's vomit. Clothing and other things coming out of the hospital should be destroyed. There is a risk of infection by falling on the surface, but it is not yet clear how long this virus remains active.
5. Use of condom-
Experts advise people recovering from Ebola to use condoms for three months while having sex. The presence of this virus has been found in people's spermatozoa for three months after complete recovery from Ebola infection. Because of this, doctors recommend that people recovering from Ebola should avoid having sex for three months or use condoms for three months.
Treatment of Ebola infection
There is no cure for this disease yet. So far, no medicine has been made for this. It also has no antiviral drugs. However, after testing in 2016, the Ebola glycoprotein vaccine, rVZV-ZEBOV, has been reported to be beneficial. People should be given widespread information about its symptoms so that they can identify it in time and take all the necessary precautions.