Symptoms and Home Remedies for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an intestinal disease. The main reason for this is changes in today's daily routine and eating habits. This disease causes complaints of inflammation and irritation in the large intestine due to which there are ulcers in the colon and rectum of the large intestine. Ulcers in the large intestine are the cause of unbearable pain in the stomach. The symptoms of which develop gradually. If not treated on time, these blisters turn into wounds which can prove to be fatal after some time. Therefore, it is very important to treat it as soon as this problem is detected.
Inflammation in the intestine or digestive tract is medically called inflammatory bowel disease. This is an inflammation of the intestine which can cause ulcers if left in the digestive tract for a long time. Inflammation of the large intestine usually affects the inner part of the rectum. This problem can also cause internal bleeding and infection.
Types of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
According to the doctor, there are two types of inflammatory bowel disease. Let's take a look at these types –
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammation of the large intestines which can cause ulcers if left in the digestive tract for a long time. Inflammation of the large intestine usually affects the inner part of the rectum. Its subtypes are as follows:
Ulcerative Proctitis- This type of ulcerative colitis is common. In this type, the swelling is limited to around the rectum and bleeding from the anus is the only sign of the disease.
Proctosigmoiditis- In this type of ulcerative colitis, there is inflammation in the rectum and sigmoid colon (lower side of the abdomen). Its symptoms include bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramps and difficulty in defecating.
Left side colitis- In this type of ulcerative colitis, the inflammation extends from the sigmoid colon, that is, from the bottom of the large intestine to the anus. This leads to problems like pain in the left side of the abdomen, cramps and difficulty while defecating.
Pen Colitis- It usually affects the sigmoid colon which causes severe bloody diarrhea due to which complex problems like abdominal cramps, pain, fatigue, weakness and weight loss arise.
The inflammation that usually occurs in Crohn's disease can occur in any part of the digestive system. Most often this inflammation affects the lower part of the intestine.
Symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
- Loose stools.
- Abdominal cramps.
- Pain in the stomach and this pain intensifies on an empty stomach.
- Burning in the stomach and the burning sensation worsens at night.
- Frequent dizziness or feeling weak.
- Blood in stool.
- Loss of appetite.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Frequent urge to go to the toilet.
- Deterioration of mental health.
Causes of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
According to the doctor, the exact cause of inflammation in the intestine is not clear. However, heredity and the immune system are believed to be the main reasons.
Some diseases are genetic which keep passing from one generation to another among the members of the family including inflammatory bowel disease. If any family member has inflammatory bowel disease, then there is a great possibility that it could pass to another generation in the family.
Impairment of the immune system which leads to bacteria attacking rapidly is also a cause of inflammatory bowel disease. This leads to bacterial infection which is the main cause of ulcers. It is caused by contaminated food and water.
Other risk factors for Inflammatory Bowel Disease-
- Taking painkillers for a long time.
- Isotretinoin on taking anti-acne drugs.
- Consuming more food containing oily and chilli spices.
- If suffering from lung, kidney and liver related problems.
Prevention and Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
- Pay special attention to hand hygiene before eating.
- Eat a healthy and balanced diet which contains a lot of fiber.
- Include fruits and green vegetables in your diet.
- Drink plenty of fluids and water.
- Avoid consumption of tea, coffee, smoking etc.
- Refrain from consuming alcohol.
- Avoid consumption of fried and junk food.
- Chew the food well and eat it.
- Incorporate yoga and exercise into your routine.
- Walk for at least 1 hour daily.
- Don't stay hungry for long.
Home remedies for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Yogurt is beneficial-
Yogurt is an excellent source of probiotics. Therefore, eating curd is very beneficial in case of ulcer and inflammation.
Aloe Vera is beneficial-
The use of aloe vera gel is beneficial to reduce intestinal inflammation. Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory properties which help in reducing inflammation of the intestines. Apart from this, aloe vera is also used for wound healing and reducing pain. For this, consuming aloe vera gel or its juice provides relief in intestinal inflammation.
The use of green tea is considered very beneficial in the problem of inflammatory bowel disease. Anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties are found in green tea, which are considered beneficial in many problems related to the intestine.
Rice water proves to be effective in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Rice water helps to control the pH level of the intestine. It also reduces the irritation in the alimentary canal. Apart from this, the vitamins and minerals present in it also fulfill the deficiency of nutrients in the body.
Flax seed water-
Flaxseeds are great for the treatment of ulcerative colitis because it is rich in fiber, which works to relieve inflammation and ulcers in the intestines. Apart from this, the fatty acids and antioxidants present in flaxseed reduce infection and help in removing impurities from the body.
Consumption of coconut oil is very beneficial in the problem of intestinal inflammation and ulcers because it has anti-inflammatory properties which provides relief in pain and burning in the intestines.