What Is Bacterial Infection? Learn its causes and home remedies
There are more bacteria than cells in the human body. Most of them live in the skin and bowels, and the majority of them are not contagious or harmful. Many types of bacteria are essential for good health. But, sometimes they can cause infection. Bacterial infections can affect the throat, lungs, skin, bowels, and many other parts. Some infections are mild, and some are severe. These are usually treated with antibiotics. Bacterial infections can be highly contagious. That's why you should wash your hands with soap, cover your mouth with a cloth when sneezing and coughing, and avoid sharing cups or drinking bottles.
Types of Bacterial Infections
Bacterial infections are of the following types-
Bacterial Infection of the Skin-
Several types of bacteria cause skin infections. These infections include cellulitis, folliculitis, and infections called impetigo. These infections are treated with antibiotics, depending on the type of bacteria.
Bacterial Infections Related to Food-
Bacterial infection is also one of the many causes of food related problems. Bacterial infections can occur due to poor eating habits. Food items such as raw fish, meat, and eggs can cause bacterial infections and may cause diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, and abdominal pain.
Sexually Related Bacterial Infections-
Many sex-related infections are also caused by bacteria. Sometimes these infections have no obvious symptoms, but they can cause fertility problems.
Symptoms of a Bacterial Infection
The following are the common symptoms of bacterial infection-
Fever is common with bacterial infections. Fever may also be accompanied by chills, tremors, and ringing in the teeth.
Swelling of the lymph nodes may also occur with a bacterial infection. This swelling often occurs at the site of the infection.
Bacterial infections can cause sore throats, which can lead to trouble swallowing.
Bacterial infections can lead to pneumonia, which has symptoms such as dry cough and breathlessness.
Bacterial infections can lead to food poisoning, which causes abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.
Bacterial infections can cause urinary tract infections, which can cause frequent and painful urination and an urgent need to urinate.
Causes of Bacterial Infection
Disease-causing bacteria are classified into four groups according to their size. These four main groups are as follows-
Bacillus are rod-shaped bacteria with a length of about 0.03 mm. Bacillus causes diseases such as typhoid and cystitis.
Cauchy is a ball-shaped bacteria with a diameter of about 0.001 mm. Depending on the type, Cauchy bacteria group themselves into a variety of groups, such as pairs, long lines, or clusters.
The spirochetes are bacteria shaped like small circles. These bacteria cause many diseases, including the sexually transmitted infection, syphilis.
Vibrio is a comma-shaped bacteria. Cholera (cholera, visuica), which is accompanied by severe diarrhea and dehydration, is caused by the Vibrio bacteria.
Protection against Bacterial Infection
You can take the following measures to reduce the risk of bacterial infection-
Prevention of foodborne bacterial infections-
Prevention of physical and bacterial infection-
Modern treatment methods for Bacterial Infection
The discovery of antibiotics is considered the most important medical breakthrough in history. Unfortunately, bacteria are very adaptable and overuse of antibiotics has made them resistant to many antibiotics. There are a variety of antibiotics available to treat bacterial infections, and the right antibiotic for you is chosen by your doctor based on a variety of factors, such as the site of infection and the type of bacteria causing the infection.
Some antibiotics are better at treating some types of infections than others. To make sure you receive the right treatment, your doctor may take a sample of mucus or urine from your throat to identify the type of bacteria.
Home Remedies for Bacterial Infection
Turmeric is not only used in cuisines. Rather, it is also used to heal the wounds of the body. It has anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties, which not only provide relief from many bacterial infections but can also prevent the infection from spreading.
Tea tree oil-
Tea tree oil is used in many cosmetic products. Tea tree oil has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that help to eliminate infections caused by Staphylococcus bacteria.
Tulsi is commonly used by people to get relief from many problems. Tulsi leaves provide relief from problems like swelling, itching, redness, and bacterial infections. For this, you only have to chew basil leaves. Apart from this, you can also use basil leaves according to your preference.
Apple cider vinegar-
Apple cider vinegar has antifungal and antibacterial properties that can help you get relief from bacterial infections.
Aloe vera proves to be effective from skin to hair and also for bacterial infections. It has antibacterial properties, which can eliminate many problems from their root.
When to go to the doctor?
See a doctor immediately if you notice swelling in the eyes, neck, or groin.
- Inflammation of the lymph nodes
- Sore throat
- Food poisoning
- Wash your hands frequently.
- Use antibacterial soap and warm water to wash your hands.
- Clean frequently used items in your home and office.
- Stay away from anyone who seems sick.
- Learn about harmful intestinal bacteria and their symptoms.
- Be aware of food and water pollution in your vicinity.
- Keep your hands clean while preparing food.
- Wash and cook your food thoroughly.
- Do not eat anything that smells bad or looks bad.
- Take measures to reduce your risk of developing vaginitis (an inflammation of the vagina caused by bacteria, viruses, or chemicals in creams, soaps, or lotions).
- Protect yourself from sore throats. This reduces your risk of developing pneumonia.
- Reduce your child's risk of developing ear infections.
- Learn how to lower your chances of developing a blood infection (sepsis).