Be it Biryani, Kheer, Sweets or any other dish to eat! Cardamom is used in all to enhance the aroma and taste. Cardamom is mostly used as a spice and mouth freshener. It is also used to enhance the aroma of tea but the properties of cardamom are not limited only to enhance the aroma of dishes or remove bad breath. Apart from this, cardamom is also very effective in the treatment of cold-cough, vomiting, digestive and urinary problems etc.
Types of Cardamom
There are two types of cardamom- small cardamom and big cardamom. Small cardamom is used to remove bad breath, sweets, tea, kheer and other dishes while large cardamom is used as a spice. There is a difference in colour, taste and size in both small and large cardamom where small cardamom is green in colour and the colour of big cardamom is black. On the basis of their colours, in some places, people also know them as black cardamom and green cardamom.
Nutrients in Green Cardamom
Nutrients like calcium, magnesium, iron, carbohydrates, dietary fibres, potassium, and phosphorus are found in green cardamom. Apart from these, many such nutrients are present in cardamom, which are very beneficial for health.
Benefits of Small cardamom
Due to wrong eating habits, improper lifestyle, today every person faces the problem of indigestion, acidity, gas and constipation. In such a situation, the use of green cardamom can get rid of the problem of constipation and acidity because small cardamom has anti-inflammatory effects and stomachic (promotes appetite and improves digestion) properties which work to keep the digestive system healthy and reduce stomach irritation due to which it provides relief in acidity, indigestion, constipation and other stomach related problems.
To increase appetite-
Small cardamom improves the digestive system due to which the metabolism of the body works properly, as a result, hunger increases. Therefore, people who do not feel hungry should definitely consume small cardamom.
For oral health-
According to the Journal of Dental Research, green cardamom seed oil has an antiseptic (bacteria-killing) effect which works to eliminate the bacteria that cause bad breath in the mouth. On this basis, green cardamom also helps in removing oral infections, removing the bad smell of the mouth.
According to research conducted by BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies, green cardamom has antioxidant (free radical destroying effect) effects which help in reducing the increased blood sugar by increasing the activity of insulin in the body. Therefore, green cardamom is considered good for a person suffering from type-2 diabetes.
According to a research report published on the NCBI site, small cardamom helps in reducing anxiety and stress. Therefore, small cardamom is considered good for getting relief from anxiety.
According to research published on the NCBI site, the medicinal properties present in small cardamom prove to be helpful in learning something new and increasing memory. hence it is used in tea or other food ingredients.
For body detoxification-
Green cardamom helps in flushing out the toxic and harmful substances present in the body. According to experts, both small and big cardamom has the ability to remove impurities from the body with the help of water. Therefore, both green and large cardamom is considered good for keeping the body free from toxins.
Uses of small cardamom
- Small cardamom is used in dishes like pulao, biryani, kheer.
- It is also used to enhance the taste of sweets.
- Green cardamom is also used by adding it to tea.
- Small cardamom powder can also be used with lukewarm water and honey.
Side effects of green cardamom
- Green cardamom helps in reducing high blood sugar. Therefore people with low sugar should not use it.
- Since small cardamom works to improve the digestive system, consuming too much of it can cause diarrhoea.